||The differentiation of adult stem cells is usually performed in vitro, by exposing them to specific factors. Alternatively, one can use nanocarriers containing such factors, to be internalized by the cells. In this work we have reduce the size of those carriers to the nanoscale, developing bioactive silica nanoparticles with diameters under 100 nm, containing calcium and phosphate ions (SiNPs-CaP). These ions, once released inside adult stem cells, induce bone cell proliferation and differentiation, and stimulate the expression of bone-related proteins in a single dose administration. The SiNPs-CaP nanomaterials were prepared through a sol-gel approach, and the ions added with a post-synthesis functionalization method. The synthesized SiNPs-CaP have narrow size distribution, good colloidal stability, and show high levels of ion incorporation. Furthermore, the SiNPs-CaP have good cytocompatibility and promote the osteogenic differentiation of human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (hBMSC), with alkaline phosphatase, osteopontin and osteocalcin production levels comparable to the ones obtained in standard osteogenic medium. The novel bioactive SiNPs-CaP are synthesized in a simple and fast manner and show the ability to promote osteogenic differentiation after a single dose administration, independently from external osteogenic inducers, showing great potential as carriers in bone tissue engineering applications.