Publication Type Journal Article
Title The Curious Case of Acetaldehyde Phenylhydrazone: Resolution of a 120 Year Old Puzzle where Forms with Vastly Different Melting Points Have the Same Structure
Authors Carlos Bernades Marina Carravetta Simon J. Coles Ernst R. H. van Eck Hugo Meekes M. E. M. Piedade Mateusz B. Pitak Mike Podmore Tobian A. H. de Ruiter Leyla-Cann Sogutoglu Rene R. E. Steendam Terry Threlfall
Groups MET
Year 2019
Month February
Volume 19
Number 2
Pages 907-917
Abstract The solid forms of acetaldehyde phenylhydrazone were investigated in detail over a century ago, with curious results: it was reported that a low melting form could be transformed into a high melting form by trace alkali, and the reverse process could be brought about with trace acid. Our reinvestigation of this puzzle with modern instrumentation has shown that all samples, although exhibiting sharp melting points varying from 56 to 101 degrees C, have identical IR and solid-state NMR spectra and identical crystal structures. NMR studies of the melts provided the key to the understanding of this strange behavior: differently melting samples did so because they initially melted to liquids with different proportions of the Z and E isomers, although given enough time they all tended to the same equilibrium proportion. The leading role of the isomerization rate in the melt was confirmed in cyclic differential scanning calorimetry experiments and accompanying simulations. In the case of polymorphism, different structures melt to the same liquid. In the present case, the same structure melts to different liquids.
Book Title
ISSN 1528-7483
EISSN 1528-7505
Conference Name
Bibtex ID ISI:000458348000046
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